Provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the Central Natural Resources Authority, Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps Natural Resources Bureau, the China Geological Survey and other relevant units directly under the Ministry, the relevant departments and bureaus of the Ministry.
In order to fulfill the unified exercise of all national spatial ecological protection and restoration responsibilities in accordance with the law, the overall and scientific promotion of the integration of landscape, forest, lake and grass protection and restoration, the following notice is given on the preparation of provincial spatial ecological restoration planning.
A. General requirements
(A) the general idea. Guided by Xi Jinping thought of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, in-depth study and implementation of Xi Jinping thought of ecological civilization, practice the concept of green water and green mountains is the silver mountain, adhere to the basic national policy of resource conservation and environmental protection, adhere to the priority of conservation, protection, natural restoration-oriented approach, follow the laws of ecosystem succession and the underlying mechanism, in accordance with the ecological security, highlighting ecological functions, taking into account the ecological landscape In order to ensure ecological security, highlight ecological functions and take into account ecological landscape, the national and provincial spatial planning of the country's ecological, agricultural and urban space as the object, the integrated protection and restoration of mountains, water, forests, fields, lakes and grasses, to improve the quality and stability of the ecosystem, to build a solid ecological security barrier, to provide high-quality ecological products, to help optimize the spatial pattern of the country, and to serve the construction of ecological civilization and high-quality development.
(B) Planning orientation. Ecological restoration of land space planning is an important special planning of land spatial planning. Provincial ecological restoration of land space planning should be based on the national and provincial national economic and social development planning outline, the overall planning of land space, bridging the national ecological protection and natural resource use planning, the national major ecosystem protection and restoration of major projects master plan and other related planning, the implementation of the national and provincial ecological protection pattern, ecological restoration goals and tasks, to maintain national ecological security, strengthen the ecological function of farmland, and Improve the ecological quality of the city, while serving as the basis for the preparation of municipal and county-level ecological restoration plans for land space and scientific ecological restoration work.
(C) planning period. The planning period is 2021-2035, and the base year is 2020.
Second, do the groundwork
(A) to carry out a comprehensive evaluation. Uniformly adopt the data of the Third National Land Survey as the base and basic base map of the planning status. Integrated various natural ecosystem survey and monitoring results and local physical geography, water resources, meteorology, geology, environment, social and economic conditions and other data and research results, the conditions of the local ecological status survey and monitoring evaluation, to grasp the ecological status of land space. Make full use of the results of the evaluation of the carrying capacity of resources and environment and the suitability of land space development, combining qualitative and quantitative assessment of the degree of degradation of local natural ecosystems and the level of resilience, analysis of agricultural and urban space ecosystem restoration and restoration and comprehensive land improvement potential, focusing on the analysis of ecological, agricultural and urban space conflict areas ecological restoration needs.
(II) Research major issues. To carry out special studies on various major issues around the coordination and scientific promotion of ecological restoration in the province. Focus on promoting the harmonious coexistence of man and nature, scientific research on the model of integrated protection and restoration of mountains, water, forests, fields, lakes and grasses, market-oriented mechanisms, etc. Analyze and judge major regional ecological problems and ecological risks from the perspective of the laws of ecosystem succession and intrinsic mechanisms, the evolution of natural geographic patterns, and the impact of climate change and human activities. Conduct regional water balance studies, systematically analyze the impact of surface water and groundwater distribution and changes on the ecosystem, and study countermeasures for protection and restoration. Fully listen to the views of experts in the relevant fields, with special emphasis on research and analysis of major differences of opinion.
(C) construction of information systems. Based on the "one map" of natural resources in each province and the basic information platform of land space, synchronize the construction of ecological restoration information system of land space, to achieve the ecological restoration of the whole business chain management based on the ecological status of the planning scope can be checked, the implementation area can be seen, the management process can be traced, the implementation effect can be evaluated, and with the spatial planning of land The "one map" is connected.
Third, the scientific preparation of planning
(A) planning the overall layout. Adhere to the national position, highlight the problem-oriented, adhere to land and sea integration, focus on the national ecological security strategic pattern and regional ecological security key regions (key ecological function areas, nature reserves, ecological protection red line, etc.), highlight the integrity of natural geography and ecosystems, connectivity, with key watersheds, regions, sea areas, etc. as the basic unit, the overall layout of provincial land space ecological restoration, reasonable zoning, the Key projects, etc., and gradually promote the ecological protection and restoration of the entire land space, the implementation of the overall protection of mountains, water, forests, fields, lakes and grasses, system restoration, comprehensive management.
(B) clear target indicators. To landscape, forest, field, lake and grass integrated protection and restoration of the main line to lead the ecological restoration of national land space, to promote the construction of safe, high-quality, beautiful national land, put forward to 2025, 2030, 2035 phased goals. In accordance with the principles of up and down, the combination of unity and division, concise science, and other binding and expected indicators.
(C) highlight the science of restoration. Follow the laws of ecosystem succession, adhere to the natural restoration of the main, avoid excessive artificial intervention, the implementation of nature-based ecological restoration. Coordinate the elements of natural ecosystems such as forests, grasslands, rivers, lakes, wetlands, deserts, oceans and synergies with farmland, urban artificial ecosystems, focusing on the ground, underground, mountain, shore, upstream and downstream, rivers, lakes and oceans systemic, reflecting the integrated management, highlighting the overall benefits. Adhere to the water depending on the water, the amount of water, suitable for farming, forestry, forestry, irrigation, irrigation, grass, wet, wet, deserted.
(D) integrated classification policy. In the ecological function space, around water conservation, soil and water conservation, biodiversity maintenance, wind and sand control, flood storage, coastal protection and other ecosystem services, for a variety of ecological degradation, destruction, according to the degree of ecosystem resilience, scientific determination of conservation protection, natural restoration, auxiliary restoration, ecological reshaping and other ecological restoration goals and measures to maintain ecological security, enhance ecological functions. In the agricultural function space, highlight the ecological functions of arable land and pastureland, protect the natural landscape of the countryside, carry out comprehensive land improvement in the whole area of the countryside, implement the return of key ecological function areas to forests and lakes and wetlands, restore the ecological functions of degraded land, promote the optimization of the spatial pattern of the countryside, and help build an ecologically livable countryside. In the functional space of cities and towns, coordinate the urban and outdoor areas, protect and restore the natural urban ecosystem, connect the river and lake systems, reshape healthy and natural riverbanks, lakeshores and shores, restore the original natural depressions, ponds and ditches, promote the ecology of water conservancy and municipal projects, improve the ecological network of blue and green, close to nature, reduce urban waterlogging and heat island effect, improve urban resilience and permeability, and enhance the ecological quality of urban habitat. Quality. In the ecological, agricultural, urban space adjacent or conflicting areas, focus on the construction of ecological buffer zones, connecting ecological corridors, play the role of ecological restoration, and promote the formation of a combination of points and lines, ecological functions to support each other's territorial spatial pattern.
(E) the formation of planning results. Put forward a comprehensive and scientific promotion of mountain, water, forest, lake and grass integrated protection and restoration of the general idea, objectives and tasks, the main direction, key projects, timing arrangements, funding estimates, policy measures, etc., the formation of provincial ecological restoration of land space planning (2021-2035) text, descriptions, drawings, research reports and other results.
IV. Work arrangements and requirements
(A) do a good job of coordination. Establish a coordination mechanism for the preparation of national spatial ecological restoration planning led by the provincial department in charge of natural resources, development and reform, finance, ecological environment, housing and urban-rural construction, water conservancy, agriculture and rural areas, forestry and other departments to coordinate and solve major problems in the preparation of the plan, the implementation of planning and other related funds.
(B) adhere to pragmatic innovation. To adhere to the realistic, exploration and innovation, grasp the authenticity of the ecological status quo, the scientific nature of the restoration goals, the feasibility of the technical route, the feasibility of safeguards, and do a good job of connecting with the relevant planning. Adhere to the open door planning, to protect the scientific nature and authority of planning.
(C) strengthen organizational leadership. Provincial departments in charge of natural resources to the preparation of ecological restoration of land space planning as a priority, combined with the actual development of the work program in the region, as soon as possible to start carrying out, and strive to complete the planning text and other results before the end of June 2021, in accordance with the relevant provisions and procedures for approval. At the same time, the deployment and guidance of municipal and county-level ecological restoration of national land space planning work.
The Ministry will be issued in due course the preparation of provincial spatial ecological restoration planning guidelines, clear planning outline, work requirements, etc.
Office of the Ministry of Natural Resources
September 22, 2020